Análisis del efecto de la actividad física y adherencia a la dieta mediterránea en enfermedades crónicas

  • Daniel Rovira Martínez Grado de Medicina Universidad Castilla la Mancha, España
  • Mª Loreto Tárraga Marcos Enfermería Hospital Clinico de Zaragoza, España
  • Mario Romero de Ávila Pediatra Hospital de Almansa (Albacete), España
  • Fátima Madrona Marcos Médico Residente de Medicina Familia de Albacete Zona 5 A, España
  • Pedro J. Tárraga López Profesor Medicina de Universidad Castilla la Mancha, España
Palabras clave: Dieta Mediterranea, actividad fisica, enfermedad crónica

Resumen

Objetivo. Analisis entre la relación de actividad física y dieta mediterranea con enfermedades crónicas.

Método. se ha llevado a cabo una búsqueda de artículos publicados en portales sanitarios como Web Of Scienc De Palabras clave: Physical activity; obesity; type 2 diabetes; arterial hypertension; Mediterranean diet; Physical Exercise.

Resultados. De un total de 41 artículos revisados en Pubmed, Elsevier y Web Of Science (WOS), finalmente se han utilizado 20, con al menos el 50% de ellos con una periodicidad menor a 5 años. Siendo el número medio de citas de 1101.85.
Se ha observado que en los distintos estudios una de las causas mas frecuentes de morbimortalidad en pacientes con enfermedades crónicas es la inactividad fisica y el sedentarismo.
El estilo de alimentación mediterráneo ha demostrado, con amplia solvencia científica, por asociación o intervención, generar numerosos beneficios en la prevención y tratamiento de diferentes tipos de condiciones de riesgo y/o patologías crónicas.

Conclusiones. Se recomienda que todos los individuos reciban consejos sobre alimentación y actividad saludable y adoptar el patrón dietético mediterráneo con aceite de oliva para disminuir su riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular.

 

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Publicado
2021-01-08