Composición corporal en varones infartados. Hallazgos novedosos en la asociación y la relación entre indicadores antropométricos de riesgo


  • Ángel Martín-Castellanos Sport Medicine Center, Cáceres Department of Anatomy, Research Group in Bio-Anthropology and Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Extremadura, Faculty of Nursing and Occupational Therapy. Cáceres
  • María Dolores Cabañas Department of Anatomy and Human Embryology, Research Group in Assessment of nutritional status in human populations and clinical, epidemiological and health promotion applications, Complutense University. Madrid
  • Pedro Martín Primary Care Center, Cáceres
  • Francisco Javier Barca Department of Anatomy, Research Group in Bio-Anthropology and Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Extremadura, Faculty of Nursing and Occupational Therapy. Cáceres


Palabras clave:

obesidad, infarto de miocardio, somatotipo, composición corporal, indicador antropométrico


Objetivo: el objetivo de este estudio era realizar un análisis antropométrico, incluyendo indicadores comunes, el somatotipo y la grasa corporal en varones con infarto de miocardio.

Método: estudio transversal en 116 varones de 30 a 75 años de edad. Resultados: peso (81,6±13,2 kg); altura (169,4±7,1 cm); circunferencia de cintura (CC) (98,3±18,5 cm); circunferencia umbilical (102,4 ±21,8); circunferencia de cadera (99,3±13,6 cm); índice de masa corporal (IMC) (28,4±4 kg/m2); índice cintura-cadera (ICCad) (0,99±0,1, CI: 0,97-1)); índice cintura-talla (ICT) (0,58±0,1, CI: 0,56-0,60); grasa corporal (27,4%±4,5); endomorfia (4,6±1,3); mesomorfia (5,7±1,2); ectomorfia (0,8±0,8); índice de conicidad (1,30±0,17). Correlaciones: IMC: grasa corporal (0,70), cintura (0,70), ICCad (0,48), ICT (0,72), endomorfia (0,82), mesomorfia (0,81), ectomorfia (-0,81); ICCad: grasa corporal (0,38), cintura (0,69), endomorfia (0,39), mesomorfia (0,38); ICT: grasa corporal (0,50), cintura (0,96), endomorfia (0,58), mesomorfia (0,56), ectomorfia (-0,56); conicidad: cintura (0,85), ICCad (0,58), ICT (0,85), endomorfia (0,45). Prevalencia: ICT (92%), ICCad ?0,95 (87%), índice de conicidad (86,7%), ICCad ?1 (64%), grasa corporal ?25 (69,4%), IMC ?25-29,9 (45,6%), IMC ?30 (37%), endomorfia ?4,5 (47,2%), mesomorfia ?5,6 (50%), ectomorfia ?1,1 (71%).

Conclusiones: los varones con infarto de miocardio presentan un perfil antropométrico de alto riesgo. El somatotipo es mesomorfo endomórfico. Las medidas de cintura, cadera y altura muestran diferente implicación en la composición corporal. La obesidad con criterio de índice de masa corporal es el indicador con más débil asociación, y no discrimina entre los componentes corporales. El índice cintura-cadera presenta alta prevalencia pero una débil relación con la composición corporal de riesgo. El índice cintura-talla refleja una distribución del volumen corporal y presenta las mejores correlaciones con los componentes corporales de riesgo, siendo el índice más prevalente y adecuado para explicar el riesgo biológico asociado al infarto de miocardio.



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