Ejercicio e Índice de Masa Corporal: ¿están relacionados estos dos parámetros en adultos?

Ismael San Mauro Martin, Elena Garicano Vilar, Victor Paredes Barato

Resumen


Introducción. Las teorías que relacionan la actividad física y la grasa corporal o peso han sugerido desde hace tiempo la presencia de una relación inversa entre las dos variables.

Objetivo. El presente estudio tiene por objetivo evaluar la asociación entre las horas de ejercicio realizadas a la semana y el Índice de Masa Corporal en adultos.

Métodos. 318 sujetos con edades entre 17-62 años fueron reclutados de diferentes clubes deportivos en Madrid (España). Se obtuvieron mediciones antropométricas e información sobre la actividad física relacionada con el ejercicio. Los análisis estadísticos se
realizaron con IBM SPSS v.20.0. 

Resultados. No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los minutos de ejercicio y los diferentes grupos de IMC (Chi2 = 0,750. p = 0,750). Después de llevar a cabo la correlación de Spearman para determinar la posible relación monotónica entre el IMC y el ejercicio, la hipótesis nula de la prueba ("no hay asociación entre las dos variables") no pudo ser rechazada (Rho de Spearman = 0,001; p = 0,991).

Conclusiones. Este estudio pone de manifiesto la no asociación entre las horas de ejercicio y el Índice de Masa Corporal en adultos.


Palabras clave


Actividad física; Índice de Masa Corporal; obesidad; grasa corporal.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19230/jonnpr.2016.1.1.935

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