Efectos agudos y crónicos de la práctica de Bodypump

  • Manuel Chavarrías Olmedo Health, Economy, Motricity and Education Research Group (HEME), Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
  • Juan Manuel Franco-García Health, Economy, Motricity and Education Research Group (HEME), Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
  • Roberto García-Paniagua Health, Economy, Motricity and Education Research Group (HEME), Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
  • José Ignacio Calzada-Rodríguez Health, Economy, Motricity and Education Research Group (HEME), Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
  • Jorge Pérez-Gómez Health, Economy, Motricity and Education Research Group (HEME), Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
Palabras clave: Aspectos psicológicos, Clases fitness, Composición corporal, Condición física

Resumen

Objetivo. Analizar las intervenciones científicas existentes sobre la actividad de fitness colectiva Bodypump, en cuanto a composición corporal, condición física y aspectos psicológicos, para sintetizar los beneficios que reporta su práctica.

Método. Configuración y Diseño: Búsqueda bibliográfica que incluyó todos los artículos publicados hasta el 15 de marzo de 2020, en la base de datos Pubmed. En el buscador se han utilizado las palabras clave “Bodypump” or “fitness clases”, apareciendo 78 artículos. Se han excluido aquellos que no estaban en el idioma de inglés (1) y los que no incluían la práctica de Bodypump en ninguno de sus grupos experimentales (64), quedando finalmente 13 artículos para analizar.

Resultados. Entre los efectos agudos, una clase de 60 minutos de Bodypump se desarrolla a una frecuencia cardiaca media entre 60 y 74% de la frecuencia cardiaca máxima, existiendo un gasto calórico de entre 250 y 334 kcal. A nivel fisiológico y hormonal, se ha producido un aumento significativo de la concentración de lactato en sangre, así como de hormona de crecimiento e interleucina-6. En cuanto a los efectos crónicos, en  lo que se refiere a cambios en antropometría y composición corporal, podemos decir que únicamente se producen cuando esta actividad se combina con ciclismo indoor. Por último, se ha observado un aumento de fuerza tanto en miembros superiores, como inferiores, así como también una mejora significativa en las variables psicológicas de motivación para el ejercicio y percepción de salud.

Conclusiones. La práctica de Bodypump permite mejorar la condición física, aspectos psicológicos y composición corporal, en este último caso, para disminuir el peso y el % de grasa corporal, la práctica de Bodypump no resulta efectiva y es necesario combinarla con la práctica de ciclismo indoor.

 

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Publicado
2020-12-31