¿Son las dietas de desintoxicación una estrategia eficaz para la gestión de la obesidad y la oxidación a corto plazo?

  • Ismael San Mauro Martin Research Centre in Nutrition and Health (CINUSA group). Madrid
  • Victor Paredes Barato Research Centre in Nutrition and Health (CINUSA group). Madrid
  • Sara Sanz Rojo Research Centre in Nutrition and Health (CINUSA group). Madrid
  • Sara López Oliva Research Centre in Nutrition and Health (CINUSA group). Madrid
  • Elena Garicano Vilar Research Centre in Nutrition and Health (CINUSA group). Madrid
  • Paulina Gudalewska Polish Research Unit. Research Centre in Nutrition and Health (CINUSA group)
  • Marta Martín Research Centre in Nutrition and Health (CINUSA group). Madrid
  • Xin Rui Research Centre in Nutrition and Health (CINUSA group). Madrid
  • María José Ciudad Cabañas Departamento de Medicina. Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Madrid
  • Luis Collado Yurrita Departamento de Medicina. Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Madrid
Palabras clave: desintoxicación, oxidación, antioxidante, obesidad, dieta

Resumen

Introducción: Las dietas de desintoxicación son estrategias populares que pretenden facilitar la eliminación de toxinas y la pérdida de peso, promoviendo así la salud y el bienestar.

Objetivo: examinar si las dietas de desintoxicación afectan a los marcadores antioxidantes en la sangre y la composición corporal.

Métodos: 14 participantes fueron divididos aleatoriamente en dos grupos: a) Grupo 1/Dieta Detox: siguieron de una dieta exclusiva de desintoxicación basada en zumos durante tres días, seguida de una dieta hipocalórica durante 4 días; y b) Grupo 2/Dieta mediterránea: siguió una dieta mediterránea hipocalórica durante 7 días.

Resultados: hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas, en ambos grupos, entre los datos basales y finales en todas las variables del estudio, excepto para test PAT. El peso, IMC, grasa total, músculo y dROM disminuyeron, mientras que el agua corporal aumentó ligeramente. La pérdida de peso y la grasa corporal fueron mayores en el grupo 2 (dieta mediterránea) que en el grupo 1 (dieta detox). El porcentaje de agua corporal y el nivel de metabolitos reactivos del oxígeno aumentaron. En el grupo 1, hubo mayor pérdida de musculatura y agua. Se observó una disminución en el nivel de metabolitos reactivos del oxígeno. Sin embargo, en el grupo 1 hubo una disminución menor en la respuesta antioxidante del cuerpo que en el grupo 2.

Conclusión: Aunque hay informes que apoyan que las dietas de desintoxicación son útiles para la promoción de la salud y la pérdida de peso y algunos estudios preliminares que sugieren que ciertos componentes nutricionales poseen propiedades de desintoxicación, en nuestro estudio no llegamos a dicha conclusión.

 

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Publicado
2017-07-16