Inhibición comportamental en contextos emocionales y neutrales: un estudio en población infantil

  • Eliana Vanesa Zamora Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología (IPSIBAT) – Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) – Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina
  • María Richard’s Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología (IPSIBAT) – Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) – Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina
  • Macarena del Valle Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología (IPSIBAT) – Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) – Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina
  • Yésica Aydmune Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología (IPSIBAT) – Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) – Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina
  • Isabel Introzzi Instituto de Psicología Básica, Aplicada y Tecnología (IPSIBAT) – Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) – Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Argentina
Palabras clave: Inhibición comportamental, emociones, niños, simon afectivo

Resumen

Introducción. Recientemente se ha demostrado que las emociones interfieren con la eficacia de la inhibición comportamental. La inhibición comportamental es el proceso encargado de suprimir, de forma deliberada  respuestas automáticas, dominantes o prepotentes que resultan inapropiadas en función de los objetivos.  Debido a la relevancia de los estímulos emocionales para la supervivencia, diferentes estudios han indicado  que el rendimiento de la inhibición comportamental puede variar según el contexto, es decir, en contextos  neutrales o emocionalmente relevantes.

Objetivo. Por este motivo, el objetivo del estudio fue analizar el funcionamiento de la inhibición  comportamental en contextos con distinta temperatura emocional en una muestra de niños de 8 a 12 años  de edad.

Material y métodos. Los niños realizaron una tarea experimental de Simon Afectivo con estímulos  emocionales y neutrales para evaluar la inhibición comportamental en contextos con alta y baja importancia  emocional.

Resultados y discusión. Los resultados mostraron que no hubo diferencias significativas dependiendo del  contexto como se esperaba. Se discuten los resultados a la luz de otros estudios, y se enfatiza que estos  resultados constituyen un enfoque para el problema de la interferencia del contenido emocional en  población infantil.

 

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Publicado
2020-11-27
Sección
Original