Validación del Cuestionario de Actividad Física del IPAQ en Adultos Mexicanos con Diabetes Tipo 2.

Nuris Yohana Caravali-Meza, Montserrat Bacardí-Gascón, Ana Lilia Armendariz-Anguiano, Arturo Jiménez-Cruz

Resumen


Objetivo: El propósito del presente trabajo es validar el cuestionario de actividad física (AF) del IPAQ en sus versiones corta y larga en adultos con diabetes tipo 2 de la ciudad de Tijuana.
Métodos: Se aplicó entrevista directa de la versión corta (IPAQ-S) y larga (IPAQ-L) del IPAQ, dos veces en un periodo de 5 días. Los participantes utilizaron el acelerómetro Actigraph (AA) modelo GT1M durante siete días consecutivos. Los datos del acelerómetro
fueron procesados utilizando Actilife versión 4.4.1 y software Meterplus versión 4.0. La fiabilidad del test-retest para reproducibilidad y validez de los cuestionarios se evaluó mediante el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman.
Resultados: Participaron 31 adultos con diabetes tipo 2. La media de la edad fue de 51.5 años y del IMC fue 30.8Kg/m2. Los resultados del test-retest para el IPAQ-S fueron AF vigorosa 0.89 (p=0.0001) y AF ligera 0.74 (p=0.001), para el IPAQ-L AF vigorosa
fue 0.74 (p=0.0001); para AF ligera fue 0.70 (p=0.01), y AF moderada fue de 0.69 (p=0.02). Los coeficientes de correlación entre AA cuentas/min/dia con AF moderada del IPAQ-S y el IPAQ-L fue 0.37 (p=0.04) y 0.39 (p=0.03) respectivamente.
Conclusión: Las dos versiones del IPAQ mostraron una buena reproducibilidad. Se observaron correlaciones modestas y significativas entre AA, IPAQ-L e IPAQ-S.

 


Palabras clave


Validación; reproducibilidad; cuestionario; diabetes.

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