Revista QUID <p>La revista QUID, es la publicación arbitrada multidisciplinar de la Institución Universitaria Salazar y Herrera. Tiene como principal objetivo compartir con la comunidad científica e investigativa los aportes tecnológicos e investigativos aplicados a las áreas de ingeniería, artes, administración y ciencias sociales y humanas desde la comunicación de la ciencia a través de la divulgación de artículos resultado de la actividad investigativa de investigadores, docentes, estudiantes y de toda la comunidad en general que contribuya a enriquecer el<strong> ámbito científico y fortalecer la comunidad académica</strong> nacional e internacional.</p> es-ES (PHD. FREDY ALBERTO SANZ RAMÍREZ) (Andrea Uribe Rendón) lun, 06 ago 2018 20:22:53 +0200 OJS 60 CRÉDITOS NÚM (2) SPECIAL ISSUE Andrea Uribe Rendón Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID lun, 06 ago 2018 20:22:51 +0200 INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL, DEBER Y OPORTUNIDAD PARA LOS PAÍSES EN DESARROLLO Juan Camilo Monsalve Machado Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 24 oct 2018 21:57:20 +0200 THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE LEGAL CULTURE <p>Significantly changes the modern public relations, the rapid development of a variety of telecommunications networks, including the global Internet.Information technology has a significant impact on the social processes, implementing the achievements of information activity not only of society, but also of the state. This leads to social relations acquire an electronic form. In the last time, many countries, including Russia, include their task transition to electronic forms of management, which are necessary in the information society.</p>Creation of the newest developments in the field of information technologies is the most important strategic direction of state policy. The current state of the state and law are in a difficult and unclear interconnection with the processes of modernization in the country, processes wide introduction and use of the latest information technologies. Problems of interrelation of legal culture and information technologies were repeatedly raised in the works of Russian scientists - jurists. Kseniya E. Kovalenko, Nataliya E. Kovalenko, Anna V. Gubareva Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID lun, 06 ago 2018 20:22:51 +0200 ACTIVE AND INTERACTIVE METHODS IN THE CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION <p>In the educational process a lecturer is always searching for forms of knowledge transfer, allowing students to understand them thoroughly and permanently. Today passive, active and interactive forms of interaction between lecturer and student are recognized. The passive form of knowledge transfer is the most basic one, when a lecturer is the only person managing the educational process. This is form of the classic lectures, when lecturer communicates with the audience without interaction with students on the specific theme. The usage of passive form is possible during practical seminars, when lecturer conducts testing survey of students, conducts individual tests. The passive form is criticized as ineffective. The interactive method of communication between teacher and students is thought to be a kind of active method. But, in recent time, due to the emergence of a variety of interactive methods, interactive method is identified as an independent one. The interactive training develops analytical and creative abilities of individuals, promotes optimal digestion new information and retaining old. While using interactive methods, all students must be involved in the educational process, bringing their individual contribution. In the end of the seminar students must be given guidance and information for consideration. Each student should realize what he or she has learnt, what skills have formed.</p> Kseniya E. Kovalenko, Nataliya E. Kovalenko, Anna V. Gubareva Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID lun, 06 ago 2018 20:22:52 +0200 MUNICIPAL LAND OWNERSHIP: FEATURES OF IMPLEMENTATION <p>In the current conditions of the development of municipal relations, the right to own land acquires more and more turnover in the sphere of local self-government. A legal fact or, more often, the actual composition is the initial basis for the emergence of the right of municipal property to a plot of land. Municipal ownership of land is also a system of relations for the appropriation of land by the population of municipalities. Along with state ownership of land, municipal ─ a kind of public property. The right of municipal property to land is the exclusive right of local communities to exercise the powers of possession, use, disposal and other legal powers of the owner in relation to lands. Both directly and through local governments, municipal enterprises, institutions and organizations. Law scholars note the existence of a dualistic nature of municipal property that combines features of state and group ownership.</p> Anna V. Gubareva, Ekaterina Y. Gaevskaya, Kseniya E. Kovalenko, Olga V. Vagina Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID lun, 06 ago 2018 20:22:52 +0200 RELATIONSHIP OF RUSSIAN AND INTERNATIONAL JUDICIAL PRACTICES ON CASES ON VIOLATIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL RIGHTS <p>Every year, environmental problems are getting more acute. Natural and human-induced changes - climate change, improper use of natural resources and pollution of territories, lead to violations of environmental protection and human rights. Many environmental offenses and crimes are committed, and as a result, there is an increasing number of regulatory frameworks and judicial practices concerning this issue, both at the state and international levels. In order to properly understand the concepts of environmental rights and environmental offenses, it is necessary to consider the practice of Russian and international courts, to identify similarities and differences in their positions, and to identify the grounds for establishing responsibility for these violations. Keywords<strong>:</strong> Lake Baikal, ecology, law, influence, human.</p> Kseniya E. Kovalenko, Nataliya E. Kovalenko, Anna V. Gubareva, Olga V. Vagina, Ekaterina Y. Gaevskaya Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID lun, 06 ago 2018 20:22:52 +0200 STATE ENVIRONMENTAL EXPERTISE OF LAKE BAIKAL: PROBLEMS, RISKS, SOLUTIONS In recent years, Russia problems of protection of Lake Baikal are actualized in the matter of the possible negative impact of global climatic changes, international and national economic processes of human impacts. The importance of lake Baikal as a natural heritage recognized in international and Russian law, its status is enshrined in several legal and policy documents, but there is however a number of unresolved regulatory matters. The study of features of international legal status of lake Baikal and the specifics of international legal influence on the development of national legislation on Baikal particularly true in light of the increasing relevance of issues of international legal regulation of water use, which in recent years has become of utmost importance in the system of international relations. Ekaterina Y. Gaevskaya, Anna V. Gubareva, Kseniya E. Kovalenko, Olga V. Vagina Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID lun, 06 ago 2018 20:22:53 +0200 ECOSYSTEM APPROACH TO THE LEGAL REGULATION OF DIGITAL ECONOMY This article discusses several aspects of Digital Economy. Firstly, the term «ecosystem» is analyzed according to the concept of «ecology». Secondly, ecosystem approach is viewed as the concept that describes the evolution of the nature of interactions of economic agents, models of their innovation activity and their relationship with the environment of functioning. Thirdly, current issues for Digital Economy are identified. The paper concludes that ecosystem approach considers innovative systems of all levels (national, regional, cluster, etc.) as living social organism subjects. The ecosystem approach puts forward a number of important economic principles: firstly, the ecosystem has its own, market mechanisms of self-development; secondly, it focuses mostly on the nature and dynamics of interactions (with each other and with potential participants), emphasizing that it is the collaboration that creates and diffuses the flow of knowledge, the transformation of these flows into innovation and further spread of innovations throughout the economy. We emphasize the role of openness for uniting the efforts of the community interested in the development of a digital industry, extension of public-private partnerships and building a competitive environment in order to ensure the rapid growth of available digital services, as well as to improve their quality. The emergence of the issue of digital economy has introduced a new driving force to the transformation of international society. The principles of ecosystem management and the principles of the ecosystem approach should underpin any decisions taken at the universal, regional and national levels. Anna I. Rozentsvaig, Kseniya E. Kovalenko Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 29 ago 2018 02:15:17 +0200 REVIEW OF EMERGENCY STRUCTURES IN COMPETITIVE GAMES <p>One of the biggest problems of human society is facing crises. Origins of many crises go back to strategy selection in the relations between human beings. In this article, the crises have been discussed, whose origin is relations between human beings. By defining critical points in 2 × 2 games, we provide a mathematical model to detect this type of crises, and then by defining a unique compromise point, we offer solutions for this type of crisis. In many crises such as The Cuban Missile Crisis, Nash equilibrium will not work and leads to the creation of a vacuum in the use of game theory. We believe that what is presented in this article can help fill the void. Fixing the vacuum in game theory and optimal use of compromise and critical points leads to the development of cooperation - cooperation strategy in the world.</p> Madjid Eshaghi, Zahra Farhad Touski, amir rashme Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID jue, 06 sep 2018 00:07:15 +0200 B-MESON MOLECULES MASS SPECTRUM <p>In this work, the structural properties of B-meson molecules have been calculated within the cluster model and harmonic oscillator representation method while the bound state properties have been calculated using quanto-molecular type potential, which is able to describe and calculate the mass and energy spectra of multi-cluster colored particles. From our results, the obtained mass spectra of hadron molecules show that the bonding states of meson-meson state is mainly contributed by two hadronic clusters like chemical molecule that contained two atoms. These hadronic clusters can be same and also can be different that partially formed by the meson-meson, baryon-baryon and meson-baryon. The obtained result calculations for BB-meson systems show an excellent agreement when compared with available experimental data and theoretical which have used different methods.</p><p> </p> Arezu Jahanshir Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID lun, 10 sep 2018 19:07:32 +0200 AN INVESTIGATION ON THE INFLUENCE OF LANDSCAPE OF BUILDINGS ON CITIZENS' PERCEPTUAL CHARACTERISTICS <p>The subject matter of environment and human has been among the most important arguments raised in Environmental Psychology, as expressed in macro, intermediate, and micro structures. This relationship may involve a wide spectrum of elements from a single building with its internal space to the surrounding site and finally to an entire urban structure. The influences imposed by the environment on humans and their perceptions are argued in either of three forms: determinism, libertarianism, and probabilism. The perception provides the first or say the most fundamental layer for recognition; in this respect, its precedence should be acknowledged over any other layer, e.g. cultural world layer and particularly the science world layer. One of the arenas where perception gains importance is the subject matter of urban landscape and the way it is designed to enhance cognitive perception of the audience in an attempt to raise such concepts as the sense of belonging, space cognition, and navigation. Since urban landscape can deliver, via visual senses, some information to the viewer’s mind and actuates his/her perceptions, it then can impact citizens’ perceptions of the environment, ending up with some changes in their behaviors. As such, it seems reasonable to explore such a relationship in the urban context. The present research looks for exploring the relationship and the influence of urban landscape and façade construction on citizens’ sensual and visual perceptions. For this purpose, the obtained theories and research models in this scope are subjected to content analysis and finally presented in a categorized form. Moreover, in this research, the research steps are taken by content-based classification and content analysis. Façade construction and urban walls can provide the citizens with such perceptions as the attractiveness and excitement of space, identity and sense of belonging, the amount of useful information, hidden discipline and representative flow, life on the streets, explicit delivery of function message, and urban diversity.</p> Mahmudreza Mokhberi Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID lun, 10 sep 2018 19:15:36 +0200 THE IMPACT OF NORDIC SOCAL WELFARE IN GLOBAL PEACE One of the important human needs peace and security. By studying the Nordic social welfare model with the tools of game theory, our goal is to spread peace and security in large areas of the world. In this article, the evolution of the Nordic model has been studied using the prisoner’s dilemma and the stag hunt games. In the end, we show that with this social welfare model, several percent of world peace will be established. amir hosein rashme rashme Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 12 sep 2018 00:11:41 +0200 THE IMPACT OF POSTMODERNISM ON SAM SHEPARD´S PLAYS <p>In this research, we have tried to introduce the familiar components for a better understanding of new and innovative ways of writing plays by the author. As it is already regarded to the points and elements, the fundamental question arises as to “why” and “how” and with what qualities the poetry plays in the face of postmodernism and its basic components having semantic and formal qualities. These plays usually occur either in the family or about the family and collapse of this family system. In some cases, it represents the human condition of postmodernism and the present world. Shepard challenges and criticizes the family and context of this family system which gives rise to a new look at the realism and the field of dramatic literature at the end. After reviewing these issues, the components of semantic and forming postmodernism in the Sam Shepard’ plays is introduced and completely recognized. we will find the findings and achievements in this study by collecting the main approaches of this research, alongside. Then we will comment on them. The influence of postmodernism in the plays of Shepard is very visible and touchable. So, many of these factors are directly or indirectly associated with Shepard’s dramatic works. By reviewing relative familiarities with postmodernism and its components, we will understand it well. Thus, we can see them in this research for assembling the form and semantic components of postmodernism in Shepard plays, and we will be able to divide them into three broad categories.</p> Moslem Aeeni Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 19 sep 2018 01:42:12 +0200 Determining the best interchange for Saturated Intersection with traffic lights (Case Study: Dizel Abad Intersection, Kermanshah, Iran) <p>One of the main problems of metropolitan cities in traffic topics is the Intersection with traffic light. One of the weaknesses of these intersections is the creation of long queues due to left-turn movements during the peak hours of daily traffic, which reduces speed. The flow of traffic as well as the level of service decline. Therefore, optimizing cross-sectional intersections in order to reduce the delay time and production of pollutants and fuel consumption is of great importance. The purpose of this study is to examine and compare the results of converting a level crossing (case study of Dizel Abad intersection of Kermanshah, Iran) to a interchange using the Aimsun software simulator. The scenarios used in this study include the present status of the intersection of the study, Cloverleaf Interchange, semi-directional interchange, U-turn Interchange and U-Turn Interchange with a specific right-turn path, The final results show that the best interchange among considered interchange will be semi-directional interchange so this interchange will reduce around 81% in travel time and 68% in travel speed. </p> Mohammadali Esfandiarifar, Seyed Mahdi Sajjadi, Seyyed Amir Hossein Beheshty Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 19 sep 2018 18:26:24 +0200 THE ADSORBTION OF DRUG ANTI CANCER MELPHALANE ON SURFACE BORON NITRIDE NANOTUBES: A DFT STUDY <p>In order to search for the interaction between Melphalane and nanotbe boron nitride is investigated using density functional theory (DFT). The structures of individual counterparts and hybrids have been optimized and the molecular properties have been evaluated. The Density of States (DOS) Plots, nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) analysisand nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) are witness to the substantial changes in the electronic properties of pristine Nanotubes boron nitride systems following the attachment of the melphalane with the nanotubes surface.</p> abolghasem shameli Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 26 sep 2018 00:49:04 +0200 STUDY ON ENVIRONMENTAL INDICES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND THEIR LEVELS IN METROPOLISES OF IRAN <p class="Normal1"><span class="notranslate">Nowadays, sustainable development has become increasingly important to maintain sustainability of urban ecosystem despite continued growth of urbanization and population.</span> <span class="notranslate">In this regard, sustainable development aims to overcome future generations' lower abilities to meet their needs so that they will be able to benefit from natural and environmental resources as much as current generations.</span> <span class="notranslate">Considering the importance of this issue, this study investigates environmental indices in </span><span class="shorttext">metropolises</span><span class="notranslate"> of Iran and evaluates their levels in each city.</span> <span class="notranslate">According to census of 2016, </span><span class="shorttext">metropolises</span><span class="notranslate"> of Iran are as follows: Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, Karaj, Shiraz, Tabriz, Ahvaz, Qom, Kermanshah and Urmia.</span> <span class="notranslate">This study had an applied-development type and its target data was collected from Statistical Centre of Iran and Statistical Yearbooks.</span> <span class="notranslate">Factor analysis was performed as research method; and obtained results indicated significant differences in environmental indices of sustainable development in </span><span class="shorttext">metropolises</span><span class="notranslate"> of Iran.</span> <span class="notranslate">According to results, Ahvaz, Shiraz and Urmia had highest levels of sustainable development.</span></p> Amir Monajam zadeh Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 26 sep 2018 01:02:52 +0200 ANALYSIS OF ASSESSMENT CRITERIA IN LAND-USE PLANNING WITH AN EMPHASIS ON HEALTHCARE SPACES (THE CASE STUDY OF THE CITY OF ZABOL) healthcare services in urban areas is directly related with progress of urban communities. These centers will play a crucial role in the process of sustainable urban development by providing services to the people. So, quantitative and qualitative assessment of healthcare services in different dimensions is essential in sustainable urban development. In this direction, setting priorities based on scientific methods can be used in solving the problems of health care services and it will have a significant role in sustainable urban development by this approach. Hence, the goal of this research is analysis of assessment criteria in land-use planning with an emphasis on healthcare spaces (the case study of the city of Zabol). For this purpose, the present situation of healthcare centers in terms of compliance with the mentioned criteria is assessed. by compatible, desirability, capacity and dependence matrixes. The research method is descriptive-analytic based on documentary and library studies and field studies. The results show that Imam Khomeini Hospital in the majority of matrixes (the adaptation, Desirability, capacity matrixes) is placed in the first rank. Masoumeh Hafez Rezazade, Abdolali Puor Keikhaei, Abdolali Puor Keikhaei, Mohammad Karim Raisi, Mohammad Karim Raisi Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 26 sep 2018 01:07:59 +0200 AARHUS CONVENTION: EXCEPTIONAL DUTIES OR STIMULUS TO DEVELOPMENT Global environmental problems are relevant for Russia. Admittedly, the country is one of the most polluted in the world. This affects the quality of life and adversely affects the health of people. The emergence of environmental problems in Russia, as in other countries, is associated with an intense human influence on nature, which has acquired a dangerous and aggressive nature. A characteristic feature of our time is the intensification and globalization of human impact on the surrounding natural environment, which is accompanied by unprecedented intensification and globalization of the negative consequences of this impact. And if earlier mankind experienced local and regional environmental crises that could lead to the death of a civilization, but did not hamper the further progress of the human race as a whole, today the ecological situation as a global ecological collapse. Accepted international acts should be aimed at solving humanity's global problems. This article considers the meaning of the Aarhus Convention - the UNECE Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters. The purpose of the Convention is to support the protection of human rights in a favorable environment for its health and well-being, access to information, public participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters. Listopad Oksana Uribe Rendón, Anna V. Gubareva, Kseniya E. Kovalenko Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 25 jul 2018 00:00:00 +0200 BASIC APPROACHES AND DEFINITIONS OF INTERNATIONAL CYBERTERRORISM <p class="a">In today's world, there is a global problem that threatens the tranquility of all humanity whose name is terrorism. Terrorism as a phenomenon, has three characteristics, peculiar attributes, which can be characterized as wrongfulness, surprise, massacre of victims. For an extensive description of such accompanying definitions it is not enough, therefore, for a complete nature it is necessary to uncover concepts to this definition from the point of view of different approaches.</p><p>It's not a secret for anyone that there is not one precise, fixed definition of the concept of terrorism, each author interprets it in his own way. Terrorism is an unlawful act carried out by a person or group of people with self-serving intentions, which has the nature of danger, surprise and massacre of victims in order to intimidate the population in order to fulfill certain tasks on their part from the authorities.</p> Anna I. Rozentsvaig, Kseniya E. Kovalenko, Anna V. Gubareva Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 25 jul 2018 00:00:00 +0200 INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM AND INTERNATIONAL CYBERTERRORISM This article deals with the problem of international terrorism. It arises the complexity of determining the composition of the crime. A special feature is that international terrorism is considered to be one of the most complex and most dangerous crimes with an international nature. It includes diverse compositions: piracy, hostage-taking, etc. The concept of "cyberterrorism" and its features are also discussed. It is emphasized that the existing universal and regional international anti-terrorism agreements are not adapted for effective counteraction to all possible modern variants of manifestation of terrorist behavior. Cyberterrorism can be singled out among the most urgent threats that are not covered by international law. Kseniya E. Kovalenko, Anna I. Rozentsvaig, Anna V. Gubareva Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 25 jul 2018 00:00:00 +0200 PLACE OF JUDICIAL PRACTICE IN SOURCES OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATIONS Sources of environmental law in a broad sense are generally binding rules of conduct in environmental legal relations, expressed in a special form. To become universally binding, these "rules" must be presented in a certain, official form, fixed by the state. For each legal system of modern states, their sources of law are characteristic. Judicial precedents are the basis of the legal system of the Anglo-Saxon legal family, and therefore they are recognized as the main sources of environmental law in countries such as England, the United States and Canada. Elizaveta P. Pelvitskaya, Anna V. Gubareva, Kseniya E. Kovalenko Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 25 jul 2018 00:00:00 +0200 SYSTEM OF LEGAL IMPACT FROM SOCIAL ENTROPY TO LEGAL DEVELOPMENT Entropy characterizes a certain direction of the process in the social system. That is why this term is important for disclosing the nature of the legal impact on public relations. It should be noted that the formal definition of social entropy does not rely on the substantive characteristics of systems. In other words, it does not matter what the system consist of. But it is important how it behaves: whether its behavior is deterministic, unambiguously determined or an essential role is played by random processes. Therefore it is easy to understand why the concept of entropy is important in those branches of science where probabilistic processes are studied. For example, in the theory of social relations, the theory of legal impact, information theory. Lyudmila N. Berg Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID vie, 07 dic 2018 15:26:01 +0100 TERMINATION OF LABOR CONTRACT BY MUTUAL AGREEMENT The article dwells upon issues arising as a result of dissolution of labor contract by agreement of the parties, due to lack of provisions of the definition of such agreement, its compulsory and supplementary conditions as well as the form of the agreement in the Labor Code of the Russian Federation. The authors analyse legal views of general jurisdiction courts and the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation on the grounds for termination of labor contract, considers the scientists’ positions on the same point set out in legal literature. On the basis of general legal concepts of agreement, provisions of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation of such agreement, general principles of labor law, procedure of entry into legal force of a labor contract, the said agreement is defined as a universal reason for termination of a labor contract, which is willful stipulated deed of the parties on a stated date reduced to writing. The article also settles down obligation of certain conditions of agreement for termination of labor contract, proposes specific variants of supplementary conditions of the agreement, indicates criteria, which any supplementary conditions of such agreement shall comply with. Julia A. Novikova, Kseniya E. Kovalenko Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 25 jul 2018 00:00:00 +0200 THE CAUSES OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM <p class="a">This article will be directly devoted to the causes of terrorism, including cyber-terrorism, as well as the theories of its creation, which just reflect its main causes. Next, the main criteria for the legal definition of the crime of international terrorism and its comparison with simple terrorism will be highlighted. It is important to say that in his dissertation research it is important to speak not only about international terrorism, but also about what terrorism is in general, since a comparative degree is a means of in-depth analysis of the whole topic. It is impossible to understand the general without the particular and the particular without the general. Terrorism is almost similar to international terrorism on the grounds, even the very manifestation of terrorist acts in different countries from well-known terrorist organizations already has an element of international character and it doesn’t matter at all that it is not aimed at buildings of international importance and not enjoying international protection and immunity.</p> Anna I. Rozentsvaig, Kseniya E. Kovalenko, Anna V. Gubareva Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 25 jul 2018 00:00:00 +0200 THE CONCEPT AND THE LEGAL NATURE OF STATE RESPONSIBILITY FOR INTERNATIONALLY WRONGFUL ACTS The end of the Cold War and the bipolar world order caused a lot of controversial questions about the nature of relations between states in the formation of a new international law and order. One of the fundamental tasks facing the international community is the need to increase respect for the rule of law in international as well as domestic life. Solving global problems requires increasing the level of controllability of the international system. Awareness of this task is gradually reflected in political thinking. Its relevance is emphasized in the acts of both international organizations and states. However, based on the realities of the political situation, we have to admit that the practical solution to the problem of increasing the level of control is slower than is required at the present stage. The concept and legal nature of the state’s responsibility for internationally wrongful acts. Kseniya E. Kovalenko, Anna I. Rozentsvaig, Anna V. Gubareva Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 25 jul 2018 00:00:00 +0200 THE HISTORY OF LEASING CONTRACT The article is devoted to the study of the history of the concept of leasing. Analyzed legal nature of the leasing contract. This article considers the legal regulation of the leasing agreement, including aircraft leasing. Under the leasing agreement, the lessor undertakes to acquire the property of the lessee specified by the lessee from the seller's seller and to lease it to the lessee for business purposes for a fee. The leasing agreement may provide that the choice of the seller and the acquired property is carried out by the lessor. Then the lessor, on the basis of a contract of sale, acquires property that becomes the subject of leasing. After this, leasing relations arise between the parties to the lease - the acquired property is transferred to the lessee for temporary possession and use. It must be borne in mind that the seller of property cannot be both a lessor at the same time, and a lessor as a seller of property. Meanwhile, an organization within the same leasing legal relationship can simultaneously act as a seller and a lessee. Nataliya E. Kovalenko, Kseniya E. Kovalenko Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 25 jul 2018 00:00:00 +0200 THE HISTORY OF RUSSIAN SENSE OF JUSTICE The historical factors of the formation of the legal consciousness of Russian society are considered in the article. The stages in the development of the Russian sense of justice were identified, which were mainly connected with the periods of development of socio-economic relations. The special attitude of society towards religion contributed to the position in the legal conscience of different settings. The sense of justice acts as a necessary component of the legal system as part of the public consciousness, the content of which are views, beliefs, ideas that relate to the law, as well as sensory and emotional elements that form legal psychology. The legal consciousness performs a significant role in the legal system-the transformation of information flows from the legal system to the subject of legal activity and vice versa. Nataliya E. Kovalenko, Kseniya E. Kovalenko Derechos de autor 2018 Revista QUID mié, 25 jul 2018 00:00:00 +0200