STUDY ON ENVIRONMENTAL INDICES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND THEIR LEVELS IN METROPOLISES OF IRAN
Nowadays, sustainable development has become increasingly important to maintain sustainability of urban ecosystem despite continued growth of urbanization and population. In this regard, sustainable development aims to overcome future generations' lower abilities to meet their needs so that they will be able to benefit from natural and environmental resources as much as current generations. Considering the importance of this issue, this study investigates environmental indices in metropolises of Iran and evaluates their levels in each city. According to census of 2016, metropolises of Iran are as follows: Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, Karaj, Shiraz, Tabriz, Ahvaz, Qom, Kermanshah and Urmia. This study had an applied-development type and its target data was collected from Statistical Centre of Iran and Statistical Yearbooks. Factor analysis was performed as research method; and obtained results indicated significant differences in environmental indices of sustainable development in metropolises of Iran. According to results, Ahvaz, Shiraz and Urmia had highest levels of sustainable development.
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