AN INVESTIGATION ON THE INFLUENCE OF LANDSCAPE OF BUILDINGS ON CITIZENS' PERCEPTUAL CHARACTERISTICS
The subject matter of environment and human has been among the most important arguments raised in Environmental Psychology, as expressed in macro, intermediate, and micro structures. This relationship may involve a wide spectrum of elements from a single building with its internal space to the surrounding site and finally to an entire urban structure. The influences imposed by the environment on humans and their perceptions are argued in either of three forms: determinism, libertarianism, and probabilism. The perception provides the first or say the most fundamental layer for recognition; in this respect, its precedence should be acknowledged over any other layer, e.g. cultural world layer and particularly the science world layer. One of the arenas where perception gains importance is the subject matter of urban landscape and the way it is designed to enhance cognitive perception of the audience in an attempt to raise such concepts as the sense of belonging, space cognition, and navigation. Since urban landscape can deliver, via visual senses, some information to the viewer’s mind and actuates his/her perceptions, it then can impact citizens’ perceptions of the environment, ending up with some changes in their behaviors. As such, it seems reasonable to explore such a relationship in the urban context. The present research looks for exploring the relationship and the influence of urban landscape and façade construction on citizens’ sensual and visual perceptions. For this purpose, the obtained theories and research models in this scope are subjected to content analysis and finally presented in a categorized form. Moreover, in this research, the research steps are taken by content-based classification and content analysis. Façade construction and urban walls can provide the citizens with such perceptions as the attractiveness and excitement of space, identity and sense of belonging, the amount of useful information, hidden discipline and representative flow, life on the streets, explicit delivery of function message, and urban diversity.
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