INVESTIGATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SUMMARIZING, NOTE-TAKING, AND OUTLINING ON LEXICAL AND GRAMMATICAL WRITING ACCURACY OF UPPER ELEMENTARY EFL LEARNERS

Somayyeh Khosravi, Puyan Taheri

Resumen


This study investigates the effect of summarizing, note-taking and outlining on lexical and grammatical writing accuracy of upper elementary EFL learners. To achieve the purposes of the study, 67 female students were selected from 93 female students based on their performance on an oxford placement test and were assigned to three different experimental groups. Two parallel forms of the same test with the same content were devised. At the beginning of the study, the first form was administered to evaluate the existing lexical and grammatical writing accuracy of the students. The same content was taught by the teacher to the three groups throughout the 4-sessions of treatment. Each group received three different types of treatments (summarizing, note-taking, and outlining) with the same material. The three groups received the second form of the test as their posttest. SPSS software was used for statistical analysis. The results revealed that there were significant differences between pretest and posttest of the learners’ lexical and grammatical writing accuracy in the experimental groups, but the experimental group which received note-taking treatment outperformed summarizing and outlining groups in the lexical writing accuracy and the group which received summarizing treatment outperformed note-taking and outlining groups in the grammatical writing accuracy. In other words note-taking and summarizing affect the Iranian upper elementary learners’ lexical and grammatical writing accuracy respectively. Generally, the findings provide support for English teachers to use note-taking to enhance learners’ performance on lexical writing accuracy and also it is recommended to give learners summarizing assignments to improve their grammatical writing accuracy. Additionally textbook writers and syllabus designers can use the findings of the study to write more fruitfully to the learners. The results also work for students who want to find a creative way for self-study to improve their lexical and grammatical writing accuracy.

Palabras clave


Summarizing, Note-taking, Elementary EFL Learners

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Referencias


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