RELATIONSHIP OF RUSSIAN AND INTERNATIONAL JUDICIAL PRACTICES ON CASES ON VIOLATIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL RIGHTS

Kseniya E. Kovalenko, Nataliya E. Kovalenko, Anna V. Gubareva, Olga V. Vagina, Ekaterina Y. Gaevskaya

Resumen


Every year, environmental problems are getting more acute.  Natural and human-induced changes - climate change, improper use of natural resources and pollution of territories, lead to violations of environmental protection and human rights.  Many environmental offenses and crimes are committed, and as a result, there is an increasing number of regulatory frameworks and judicial practices concerning this issue, both at the state and international levels. In order to properly understand the concepts of environmental rights and environmental offenses, it is necessary to consider the practice of Russian and international courts, to identify similarities and differences in their positions, and to identify the grounds for establishing responsibility for these violations.  Keywords: Lake Baikal, ecology, law, influence, human.


Palabras clave


Ecology, law, rights, court, violations

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Referencias


Resolution of the Administration of the Altai Territory No. 494 (2014). State program of the Altai Territory "Environmental Protection, Reproduction and Rational Use of Natural Resources, Development of Forestry in the Altai Territory" for 2015 - 2020 http://docs.cntd.ru/document/423852786 (Accessed: June 16, 2018).

Altai Territory Law No. 3-ЗС (2007). On Environmental Protection in the Altai Territory http://docs.cntd.ru/document/802089036 (Accessed: June 16, 2018).

Constitution of the Russian Federation (2014) http://constitution.ru (Accessed: June 16, 2018).

The Decree of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation No. 21 (2012). On the application by the courts of legislation on liability for violations in the field of environmental protection and nature management http://vsrf.ru/Show_pdf.php?Id=8201 (Accessed: June 16, 2018).

European Convention on Human Rights https://www.echr.coe.int/Documents/Convention_ENG.pdf (Accessed: June 16, 2018).

Criminal Code of the Russian Federation www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_10699 (Accessed: June 16, 2018).


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