tecnología cmos: avances y perspectivas cmos

Andrea G. Martínez-López, Edgar Solís-Ávila, Jaime Martínez-Castillo, Julio C. Tinoco Magaña

Resumen


La electrónica moderna, conocida como microelectrónica, ha evolucionado de manera notable en las últimas décadas gracias a diversos progresos científicos y tecnológicos. Durante los primeros años de la década de 1960, se desarrollaron los transistores de efecto de campo Metal-Óxido-Semiconductor y con ellos la tecnología Metal-Óxido-Semiconductor Complementaria, lo cual dio un impulso sin precedentes a la microelectrónica. Desde aquellos años, el avance observado ha sido guiado por la continua reducción de las dimensiones de los transistores utilizados en la fabricación de los circuitos integrados, llegando a tecnologías actuales cuyas dimensiones son del orden de decenas de nanómetros. A medida que se reducen las dimensiones de los transistores, comienzan a aparecer un conjunto de fenómenos que degradan su funcionamiento. Por ello, la tecnología ha buscado diferentes alternativas a fin de continuar con el progreso observado. En este contexto, los transistores de efecto de campo de múltiples compuertas aparecen como una alternativa viable para guiar a la tecnología hacia los dispositivos de menos de 10 nm (sub-10 nm).

Palabras clave


MOSFET; MOSFET avanzados; FinFET; CMOS; circuitos integrados

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Referencias


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